The purpose of this manual is to provide you with a precise, step-by-step method of designing and installing low voltage landscape lighting. Replacement low voltage dichoric lamp sockets. If the lamp burns out, corrosion can form in that light socket. A lamp with night light is often configured so that one of the two sockets is a medium-base socket, considered to be the Main Lamp (under the lamp shade ), and the other socket is a candelabra-base socket that is the night light or decorative accent light. When vibration is the culprit, switching to an LED bulb is a sure-fire fix. The top countries of suppliers are China, Japan, and Taiwan, China, from which the percentage of low voltage light sockets supply is 99%, 1%, and 1% respectively. Accent Fixtures: The unsung heroes of any landscape lighting design are the accent lights. You reminded us that those light fixtures have a lifetime guaranty and that we should just return them to Unique Lighting Systems and the fixtures would be replaced at no charge. Well lights are among the most versatile fixtures. Sure, any arrangement of batteries that provides the right voltage (about 120 V, if it’s a standard household bulb) will do. The batteries will provide dc voltage, not the ac provided by wall outlets, but the effect in heating the bulb filament is the same. The low voltage versions have a built-in electronic transformer that let you easily convert the 120 volt medium base socket in an existing recessed fixture into an adjustable low voltage light source using 12 volt MR-16 up to 50 watts; or 12 volt AR-111 and PAR-36 halogen reflector lamps up to 75 watts. Before installing your low voltage outdoor lighting, there are a few things you should do. The first thing you need to consider is your current setup. As you will read about its details, wattage of a bulb is independent of the voltage but is specified by manufacturer seperately. To make your backyard or garden pop this spring and summer, install some low-voltage lighting to illuminate fences, flower beds, and other features. Hi, it would be normal lighting cable come out of spur, but you need a 3amp fuse in your fuse spur. Thermal Protector – A small safety device wired between the junction box and the socket in all UL listed fixtures designed to turn off the lamp if the fixture gets too hot (usually caused by installing a lamp that uses more power than the fixture is rated for). The great part about the Zuckeo LED landscape lights is that they come under a 12-month warranty. Screw-In Extender and Light Converter let you use easily convert the 120 volt medium base socket in an existing recessed fixture into an adjustable low voltage light source using 12 volt MR-16 halogen reflector lamps up to 50 watts. When a landscape is designed, attention is focused on highlighting the architecture, dividing public areas from the private ones, creating unity, flow, safety, and harmony between the different elements used whether it’s plants or hard-scape. LED bulbs use about 10% of the energy of traditional bulbs – so 10w will give you the equivalent light output of an old 100w bulb, 6w of a 60w bulb, and so on. You just want a replacement light bulb , but with so many different bases (caps), shapes and sizes, it’s not always so simple to find one that fits. Fortunately, upgrading Halogen MR16 light bulbs to LED is usually a painless affair, as most LED light bulbs are now designed to retrofit to existing light fittings. We have found them mounded over fixtures that stand 8” above the grade of the landscape. Power controlled by this switch. Recently we had several of our Pulsar lights, which we purchased several years ago, damaged by our landscapers. These one-watt LED bulbs are expected to last around 100,000 hours and the lights themselves are covered by a one-year limited warranty. If you have a standard light fixture, especially one designed to use an incandescent or fluorescent bulb, you should have no trouble finding a compatible dimmer switch. They’re commonly found in outdoor emergency light, spot light, or floodlight fixtures but can also be used indoors for track lights, recessed lights, display lights, or can lights. Thinking about ‘low voltage’ garden lights, how to connect them together and then connecting them all to the ‘mains’ supply may be confusing to many people. Ordinary flashlight bulbs are designed to work with about 3V, easy to obtain with two batteries in series. These are most commonly used in integrated kitchen fittings, where space is at a premium and smaller light bulbs are a necessity. Transformers typically require a minimum combined wattage in order to operate the lighting system effectively, and without flickering or humming. Filament light bulbs are often very delicate, especially if they’re cheaply made. When purchasing a new light source , first and foremost, you must always match your light bulb to the requirements of your fixture. Landscape lighting describes a large and varied family of outdoor lighting fixtures.
If yes, then the light fixtures to be placed near the pond and in the arc of the sprinklers need to be waterproof. In traditional incandescent PAR bulbs, a U-shaped reflector is used to maximize brightness and direct light through the front of the bulb in a narrow spot beam or wide flood beam pattern. Ease of installation: Even though low voltage landscape light fixtures are pretty easy to replace, you won’t need to when upgrading your existing ones to LED bulbs. If you want to use just the lights and not the cable, you can do that as well. In a typical set-up, the main lamp would have a 150 W medium-base bulb, and the night light would have 7 W candelabra bulb. Tip: If none of the bulbs lights up, you may have a faulty transformer or outdoor electrical outlet. The Brilliance LED WIFI Smart Socket 2 is designed specifically for your landscape lighting transformer and provides remote control of your entire lighting system from anywhere in the world. However, make sure the electrical outlet you use to power the transformer is a ground-fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) outlet, as it will protect you from electrical shocks. It’s compatible with most low voltage landscape lighting system. The transformer is the power center that powers your entire landscape lighting system. Lenses and grates can be easily installed on these fixtures for many custom lighting applications. The fixtures are arranged so that the leads can be tied together to a trunk wire leading back to the transformer. One solution for a flickering light bulb is to bend the tab in the socket slightly upward to assure a better electrical contact. Most professional series transformers are rated for use with underwater fixtures but are not pool and spa rated. Low-Voltage Electrical Cable: The cable used for landscape lighting is specifically made for burial underground. Overlamping occurs when you buy a light bulb with a wattage that’s too high for your electrical fixture to handle. Screw-In Extender and Light Converter let you use easily convert the 120 volt medium base socket in an existing recessed fixture into an adjustable low voltage light source using 12 volt AR-111 or PAR-36 halogen reflector lamps up to 75 watts. Freight shipping may be required for heavy or oversized items, which includes large lighting fixtures and furniture. Some transformers might just carry one individual light bulb, while others might be able to carry several lower wattage light bulbs in a series. The reason low voltage lighting is used outdoors is because it’s safer. In order to be able to run from a mains electricity supply, low voltage bulbs require a separate unit called a transformer. Light Converter let you use low voltage lamps for energy efficiency and to achieve tight beam spreads. Lots of people tried LED lighting when it was first available and it often produced dim, cold puddles of light. The European Commission directive in September 2016 banned the manufacture of this type of power-hungry spotlights. With the power off, bend the tab in the bottom of the socket slightly upward with a screwdriver. Converts 120 volt medium base socket to 12 volts for use with 12 volt AR-111 or PAR-36 lamps up to 75 watts. Swivelier light extender units are the easiest and most economical means of converting recessed fixtures into an adjustable light source. Because this is a low voltage landscape light, it works with 12V or 24V working voltages. There’s a plethora of light fixtures available in various price ranges. Let’s take a look at three main components of your landscape lighting, and how to tell if it needs repairing or replacing. Landscape lighting serves to do the same thing. If installing track lighting, install the connector cover over the track lighting power head and attach the cover directly to the electrical box. Running the 12v lighting cable after that is then a simple and safe process and needs no electrician. We also sell 12V light bulbs, but these need to be used in conjunction with a 12V transformer. If you’ve still to upgrade your halogen spotlights to LED, time is running out. Transformer is installed correctly however only the two spot lights and one of the path lights, the last one in the line, illuminate. The lamp ‘cap’ or ‘connector’ is the base of the bulb that plugs or screws into the lamp fitting or socket. Firstly, all our garden and outdoor lighting products (cables, connectors, LED’s etc) utilise very safe low voltage (12v) electricity and not the dangerous 230V-240V ‘mains’ electricity found in the UK. For low-voltage DC, there are many different socket options that you can use besides standard 120VAC sockets and plugs that will alleviate confusion. The LED light bulbs we sell operate on a UK standard 240V AC, and the light bulbs have a built-in transformer to change this 240V to the LED required voltage. The operation of the switch is still the same, such that the night light comes on, then the main lamp, then both together, then it goes back to off.
Make a note of any ports or cables you require for your future lights. Most LED light bulbs can be used with existing light fittings (this is called retrofitting). Other low voltage bulbs include the MR11, which is a smaller version of the MR16. Probably the best way for you to find the problem without expensive equipment would be to disconnect all of the fixtures or pull all of the lamps and then reconnect them one at a time until you find the problem fixtures or lamps. Low-voltage lighting typically uses 12 or 24 volts and requires a transformer to lower the line voltage from 120 volts to avoid immediately burning out the low-voltage bulb. There are some specific transformers out there but generally, you do not need a special transformer for low voltage LED landscape lighting. Avoid using LED lighting in an area a pet is constantly exposed to. Cats, dogs and many other animals detect light flicker that humans can’t detect. Slip the two connector halves hanging from the bottom of the light fixture over the cable that’s protruding from the sod and pinch them together until you hear a click. Halogen spotlights are a form of incandescent light bulb that use a tungsten filament and a mix of inert and halogen gases to produce light. In outdoor lighting, most problems boil down to three main issues; but those issues can cause other problems — so let’s fix the main landscape lighting problems right from the start. If you want a softer product, the Sunriver LED landscape light is perfect for you. Common socket for 12V pathlights. Many bulbs have one electrical contact with screw threads on it, with the other contact as a round dot on the end of the base. The energy you save by replacing them will far outweigh any embedded carbon in the production of the old lightbulbs. Low-voltage cables are typically double stranded. You can tell this as low voltage bulbs have ‘pins’ (right – see below) to connect them and mains have ‘pegs’ (left). Once all the fixtures are installed, fill in the narrow cable trench with topsoil and top with grass seed. Standard bulbs are designed to work with a voltage of around 120 V, which is an unusual range for batteries. Match the black wire from your lighting fixture or your track lighting power head to the black wire from your ceiling. Flush-mount and pendant-style low-voltage lighting requires attaching a mounting bracket, provided with the fixture, directly to the electrical box in the ceiling. This would be typical in a 3-way floor-standing torchiere lamp A “keyed 3-way socket” has the switch incorporated in the lamp socket and requires no external wiring between switch and socket. Installed along walkways, steps, and driveways, or pointing up at trees, walls, and fences, the typical low-voltage lighting system requires just three components: a transformer, low-voltage electrical cable, and the fixtures. Because with the switch off, the path is through the light bulb and it would return the neutral to the switch and you would get 120 V. When you close the switch there would be close to zero volts ACROSS the switch. These bulbs are available in a variety of colors and can be used for many applications, including track lighting, recessed lighting, desk lights, and display case lighting. Inside the house, run the light supply cable back to a suitable position for cutting into a main lighting circuit cable with a four-terminal junction box. For this, line-voltage fixtures are basically plug-and-play. LED sets also have special bases that enforce electrical polarity , and keep them from being used in incandescent sets. Mix, match and cluster or just install a few at a time to put light exactly where you need it. A variety of socket, finish, color and length options ensure that the possibilities are almost limitless. When replacing Halogen MR16 light bulbs with LED light bulbs, it’s important to use LED light bulbs of equivalent wattage to your existing halogen light bulbs. Take the spool of cable and lay it beside the light fixtures, all the way till where the transformer will be installed. Your electrical power is more likely the U.S. standard 115 V or so. Your little bulb could easily be replaced with a CFL or LED bulb. Because of the directional light they provide, MR LED bulbs don’t require the facets but often still have them. Depending on the outdoor lighting system, fixture location and other things, there are several great options for making good waterproof connections. Also the wire sizing chart will help illustrate to our contractors there is voltage and amp drop in LED. This is applicable to all socket sorts besides ROUTER, where queues are solely created after the peer we connect with has acknowledge our connection. Since the transformer is already plugged in, the fixture should light up. If it doesn’t, pull apart the connector and try again, or check the lightbulb.
There are dozens of low-voltage lighting fixtures and accessories available in a variety of styles, sizes, colors, and finishes. For more than five years, our landscape lighting has been working perfectly fine off of a 500 WATT transformer with 12V, providing power to four sections. Changing the lighting to LED will reduce this heat input, so the heating system will have to run that bit longer to compensate. The transformer needs to have enough capacity to support the cumulative wattage of the lights in the system. Using fixtures that are UL listed ensures that they have been tested for safety when installed according to the manufacturer’s instructions. There’s also a lifetime warranty item, which is something you don’t see on many lights. Start by digging a 3-inch trench next to the walkway where your lights are going to go. This is where you’re going to place the electric cable. If it has pins, this is low voltage lighting and is a little more complicated. This concerns me. With a working bulb in a socket you will never see any phantom voltage. This guide will tell you everything you need to know about replacing Halogen MR16 light bulbs with LED light bulbs. But when I replace the burned out bulbs, the new ones seem to burn out in a very short time (days or a few weeks). Most light fixtures will work with standard dimmer switches, including those with halogen and incandescent lamps. Your variety of products, from transformers to lighting fixtures is remarkable, and the quality of your products is unsurpassed. Between fixtures, the cable is buried in a shallow trench. Halogen bulbs use so much electricity for the light they produce – just feel their heat – that it’s a false economy to wait until they blow to replace them. Recessed lighting replacement socket for low voltage housings. For example, a 300-watt transformer can power 100 feet of 16-gauge cable, or 150 feet of 14-gauge cable, or 200 feet of 12-gauge cable. This lets you know of any weak lights or transformers before they become a bigger issue. With a simple turn of your wrist, existing rigid fixtures or recessed down lights become instantly adjustable. Our clients are thrilled with the lighting so far, and all I can say is the last four projects which we brought you in on for consulting were a huge success. LEDs are a relatively new kind of lighting, and the way they work is different to more traditional lighting solutions – some major, and some minor. LED BR bulbs don’t require the reflector material. Remove the light bulbs from the fixture to expose the mounting screws. If they are LED products are you are using an AC (the Malibu transformer is AC) transformer you MUST use the VA number when sizing the transformer and the wire. If people can get into that pond of yours, I would recommend using a pool and spa rated transformer and fixtures that are also rated for pool and spa use. My transformer is a clock timer as well and I have it set at time a and goes off at time b. It is a simple set up… 10 landscape lights. An LED light bulb with an equivalent wattage of 35W is a direct replacement for a 35W incandescent light bulb. The image is from the Screwfix catalogue ( BG Nexus 13A 2G RCD Switched Socket ) but equivalents are readily available from good electrical wholesalers. Electronics HATE moisture and lower quality LED landscape lighting products can allow moisture into them which causes problems. If you want to buy a vintage light bulb, make sure you choose LED. The bulb has a threaded metal base which screws into a matching socket. One negative trait is that these lights have to be installed in a certain way. You can even clip these remotes to the visor in your car, so you can control your dimmable lighting fixtures before you walk into your home. I am assuming that these are the spotlight type bulbs. The first place we see corrosion is in the socket where the lamp is installed. Enhance the nighttime curb appeal of your home—and add a measure of safety and security—with low-voltage landscape lighting. A wedge base is a type of electrical connector used as a fitting for small light bulbs It is similar to the bi-pin connector , except that the two “pins” are the same wires that extend into the bulb (rather than being rigid), and the wires are bent up onto the sides of the base, where they make contact with the socket. You need to know a few things about LED bulbs before you start this upgrade. A digital timer may be used for more complex lighting systems where multiple start times are required including start times on different days of the week. Line-voltage lighting is best for applications that require more diffused ambient light. Electronic transformer input pin with two electrodes of the lamp connected electronic transformer low-voltage output pin through the bottom of the ceramic insulation tube extending outward respectively connected to two electrodes with low-voltage halogen quartz bulbs, ceramic insulation barrel barrel open vents located outside the outer envelope, the bottom assembly shell.
If your bulbs are blowing on a regular basis there may be something else wrong – loose connections in lamp holders, faulty connections to light switches, over-heating a bulb in a small confined space and so on. If this happens elsewhere in your home it could be a general issue; if it is in just one room, a local one. 1 out of 5 Easy Digging shallow trenches for the low-voltage cable takes some work, but installing the light fixtures is a piece of cake. Use this handy guide to identify different types of light bulb bases that apply to incandescent, halogen, high-intensity discharge, fluorescent, and LED light bulbs. It’s important to match the power supply voltage to the optimum operating voltage of the LEDs. Remove your current bulbs and inspect the base: It will most likely be a bayonet, bipin or wedge. All you have to do to swap your old light bulbs out is remove them from the light fixture and fit the new, shiny light bulbs in their place. If it’s a table lamp, simply unplug it. If it’s a wired fixture, shut off the corresponding circuit breaker and use a fresh bulb to confirm that the socket is disconnected. You can see this for yourself by comparing a 230V GU10 LED Bulb with an equivalent 12V MR16 LED You’ll notice that the GU10 is slightly longer – this is to accommodate the driver. These bulbs have a shorter body than BR bulbs and usually install flush with ceilings or fixtures, which reduces glare. Could not get them to power on. Cheap material broke immediately upon screwing in a lightbulb, I bought two – neither worked. Wire nuts and pierce connectors aren’t designed to go underground, yet lots of landscape lighting systems use them anyway. Use an Elbow in a recessed fixture with a side mounted, horizontal facing medium base socket. If you install line-voltage track and rail lights with incandescent bulbs, you can use dimmer switches to control their brightness. A problem of these devices is that the ring contact of the socket (contact two in photo) digs into the lead seal on the lamp bulb’s contact ring and this connection tends to fail early (sometimes in months), leading to intermittent flashes, popping noises, and loss of power to the low wattage filament as the lead seal on the bulb’s ring alternately melts and solidifies. The majority of light bulbs are for use with mains circuits, except for ‘low voltage’ light bulbs, which must be used with a compatible transformer ( see below ). All low voltage light bulbs should be clearly stated as such on product listings and packaging. Of course some fixtures use smaller bulbs of 10 watts or less, so more of these lights may be tied together. The newer halogen bulbs on the other hand, produce a white light giving a truer color but operate in a narrower voltage range of 10.8 to 12 volts. If your lights aren’t working right, you may have a loose connection inside the transformer. We’re all familiar with the traditional, pear shaped omnidirectional (emits light in all directions) light bulb – and a lot of the time that’s all you need. Low-voltage lamps also break less frequently than high-voltage lamps because they’re made to be more shock and vibration resistant. The existing lights are running through a Low voltage dimmer. We have the YGS-Tech LED landscape lights for your choices. Special twinkle bulbs often have special bases which they are permanently glued into, to keep the user from putting too many in a strand, or into strands not designed for them. Some landscape lighting systems operate on “line voltage,” the 120-volt current from your house. But you are right, they are nowhere near as great as if you were replacing old-fashioned light bulbs. If you are using LED lamps, be sure that they are rated for outdoor use in both enclosed and open fixtures. The next product is the Hypergiant LED landscape light. For medium base PAR-20, PAR-30 (long neck), & PAR-38 LED, Halogen, Metal Halide or CFL spot or flood reflector lamps up to 250 watts. See my other answers (and guide below) about replacing low voltage lighting. Generally, it is worth remembering you get what you pay for, so with a few exceptions, very cheap LED bulbs won’t perform well or last long. An LED bulb that is designed to replace a regular mains voltage bulb would therefore require a ‘driver’ to change the electricity supply. All in all, the Meikee LED landscape light is a good product to get started with. Using a light bulb with too high of wattage can lead to overheating of the light bulb. When you are lining up the lights, use a 14-gauge cable for lighting systems that have 200 Watts or less. Low voltage landscape lighting is definitely a project you should try. If you install dimmable CFL lights, you’ll still need to check your dimmer to make sure it works with these types of bulbs. If your fixture doesn’t have a wattage recommendation, the rule of thumb is to choose bulbs with 60-watts or lower.